Bihar Police Lady Constable Recruitment 2022

JOB TITLE Lady Constable in Bihar Police Swabhiman Battalion
Organization  Central Selection Board of Constable

Bihar Police CSBC Bihar

Official website
Location Bihar
Education 12th pass
Important Dates


1.      Application start date: 24/06/2022

2.      Last date: 24/07/2022

3.      Admit Card Available : 15-09-2022

4.      Last Date Reupload : 05/09/2022

Exam date: 04-10-2022


Total Posts: 454
Application Fee:

·         Gen, OBC : 00 /-

·         SC, ST       : 112/-

Age limit : 18– 30 years



·    Qualification : Only for Female Candidates.

·    10+2 Intermediate Exam Passed in Any Recognized             Board in India.

CSBC Recruitment Important links

Download Notification Click Here
Admit card #here
syllabus #here
Apply Online Click Here

Physical Eligibility

Category Female
Height NA
Chest NA
Running 01 KM in 05 Minutes (Maximum)
High Jump 03 Feet
Gola Fek 12 Pound Weight Through 12 Feet


Bihar lady constable Recruitment Syllabus

Bihar Lady Constable syllabus pdf



  1. Preparing Note and writing summary of a given passage

    • Identifying Central / Main Point and supporting details etc. and perceiving overall meaning and organization.

    • The texts should deal with sociopolitical and cultural issues along with the principals enshrined in the constitution.

  2. Comprehension of unseen factual / imaginative passages (Short and long question answer items)

    • Developing the skills of reasoning, drawing inferences.

  3. Reading of tales / short stories / short plays

    • Reading with understanding and imbibing virtues.

    • Bihar writers, Indian writers, Commonwealth writers and native writers of English.

  4. Reading of informative pieces / essays

    • Read with understanding and respond effectively in writing.

    • On Environment, Economics, Sports, Science, health and hygiene.

    • Adolescence, Human Values and human rights, Cultural diversity and unity etc.

  5. Reading poems for enjoyment and understanding

    • Enjoying and understanding poems and imbibing human values and / or encountering truth.

    • World fame poets (Both native and non native poets of English), Indian Poets, Bihari Poets.

  6. Free Composition on familiar / contemporary issues

    • Communicative skills in writing

    • Notices, memorandum, formal and informal letters, application etc.

  7. Various registers of English

    • Build Communicative competences in various registers of English

    • Support with standard pieces of writing.

  8. Translation from mother tongue into English

    • Ability to translate from mother tongue into English and vice versa.

    • Wide ranging topics covering different aspects of life including great personalities.

  9. Grammatical items and structures:

    1. The use of different Tense forms for different kinds of narration (e.g. media commentaries, report, programmes, etc.

    2. Reported speech in extended text.

    3. The use of passive forms in scientific and innovative writing.

    4. Converting one kind of structures as well as other items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses.

    5. Modal auxiliaries – Uses based on semantic considerations.

    6. Phrases and idioms

    7. Analysis.

    8. Converting one kind of sentence / clause into a different kind of structures as well as other items to exemplify stylistic variations in different discourses.

    9. Synthesis.

  10. Precis of a given passage

    • Identifying central / main point and supporting details etc. and perceiving overall meaning and organization.

    • Informative pieces on contemporary burning issues.

  11. Comprehension of unseen imaginative passages / graph / chart / table (Short and long question answer items)

    • Developing the skills of reasoning, drawing inferences.

    • The texts should deal with sociopolitical and cultural issues along with the principals enshrined in the constitution.

  12. Reading of tales / short stories / short plays

    • Reading with understanding and imbibing virtues.

    • Indian writers, Bihar writers, commonwealth writers, native and other non- native writers of English.

  13. Reading of Informative Pieces / essays

    • Reading with understanding and acquiring general knowledge of practical value

    • On Reproductive health, Art and culture, Mass media, Travel and tourism, Peace and harmony etc.

  14. Reading poems for enjoyment and understanding

    • Enjoying and understanding poems and imbibing human values and / or encountering truth.

    • Bihari poets, Indian poets, Commonwealth poets, native and other non native English poets.

  15. Free Composition on familiar / contemporary issues

    • Communicative skills in writing .

    • Reports, message, CVs, e-mail, formal and informal.

  16. Various registers of English (Contd.)

    • Build communicative competences in various registers of English.

    • Support with standard pieces of writing.

  17. Translation from mother tongue into English

    • Ability to translate from mother tongue into English and vice versa.

    • Informative and inspiring pieces.


    1. Hisotry

      Unit-I : Pre-history, Proto-history and History.

      • Meaning, scope and relevance, Importance of chronology, sources, periodisation.

      • Prehistoric cultures –

      • Sites

      • Tools and equipments

        Unit-II : The Pre-historic world.

      • Origin of human being and stages of prehistoric evolution.

      • Harappan Civilization

      • Urban traits

      • Material Life

      • Socio religious life

        Unit-III : Ancient Civilizations.

      • Mesopotamia, Rome, China, Greece.

      • Emphasis on efforts to regulate the order (law codes), science, technology and philosophy.

      • Empire building endeavours

      • Slavery and position of women.

      • Early Indian Religions

      • Vedic

      • Buddhism – Buddhist sites of Bihar

      • Jainism

      • Vaishnavism

      • Shaivism

        Unit-IV : The Medieval Order.

      • Feudalism, States and Church.

      • The Arabian Experience.

      • Constructive aspects of feudalism.

      • Inner contradictions and decay of feudalism.

      • Political And economic History of the Mauryan

      • Rise of Magadh

      • Growth of Patliputra

      • Mauryan stone pillars

        Unit-V : Vehicles of modernization.

      • Ideas institutions and events.

      • Geographical discoveries.

      • Renaissance

      • Reformation

      • Inventions in science and technology

      • Culture and economy from Post Mauryan to Gupta Period

      • Foreign influx

      • Language and Literature

      • Trade and Industries

      • Science and Technology – Aryabhatta

        Unit-VI : Modernisation affirmed.

      • The British experience

      • (a) Revolution of 1688.

      • (b) Industrial Revolution.

      • The American war of Independence.

      • The French Revolution

      • Economy Society and culture during early medieval period

      • Varna and caste system

      • Evolution of regional cultural identities

      • Agrarian relations.

        Unit-VII : Spread of Modernisation.

        1. Europe – Greece, Italy, Germany, Turkey.

        2. Asia – China, Japan, Iran, India.

    • Political Changes under sultanate

    • A brief survey of the ruling dynasties and important rulers thereof.

      Unit-VIII : Ills of Modernity.

    • Colonisalism and neo-colonialism in Africa, Asia and western world.

    • The First World War.

    • Indo-Islamic culture (1500-1700)

    • Language and Literature

    • Art and Architecture

    • Dress and life style

      Unit-IX :Three Ideologies and their mutual conflicts.

    • Capitalism

    • Socialism / communism

    • Fascism / Nazism

    • The second world war.

    • Urban economy in Medieval age

    • Crafts

    • Trade

    • Urban centres (emphasis on towns of Bihar)

      Unit-X : Sanity Vs Motivated politics.

    • League of Nations

    • UNO

    • Non-aligned movement

    • Cold War

    • Decolonisation

    • Bhakti and Sufi Movements –

    • Leading saints and their sayings

    • Characteristic features

    • Contributions to Indian culture

      Unit-XI : Further changes / post-modernisation

    • The Chinese Experience

    • Breakup of the USSR

    • Globalisation

    • The rule of the East India Company

    • Revenue settlements

    • Economic Impact

    • Policies of expansion

      Unit-XII : The revolt of 1857

    • Causes

    • Nature

    • Effects and Role of Kunwar Singh in Bihar

      Unit-XIII : The Indian awakening in 19th century

    • Important personalities and organization

    • Points of self introspection

    • Dimensions of international consciousness development

      Unit-XIV :The Nationalist movements (1918 – 1947)

    • Non-cooperation movement

    • Civil disobedience movement

    • Quit India Movement

    • The naval Mutiny

    • NB- Activites in Bihar must be mentioned.

      Unit-XV : Partition and Independence

    • Muslim League and the Two nation theory

    • Wavel Plan

    • Mountbatten Plan

    • India Independence Act

    • Pangs of Partition

      Unit-XVI: Visions of the new state

    • Making of the constitution

    • Recorganisation of States

    • Five year Plans & missed economy

    • Non-alignment


      Fundamentals of Physical Geography

      Unit-I : Geography as a discipline :-

    • Nature and Scope

    • Science & Spatial attributes

    • Branches of Geography


    • Importance of physical geography (Nature and scope)

      Unit-II : Earth :-

    • Origin and Evolution of the Earth.

    • Interior of the Earth.

    • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.

    • Geological process Earthquake, volcanoes.

      Unit-III : Landforms :-

    • Minerals and Rocks

    • Types of Rocks and its characteristics.

    • Geomorphic process weathering and erosion.

    • Lnadforms and its types.

      Unit-IV : Climate :-

    • Composition and structure.

    • Elements of Weather and Climate.

    • Insolation: Angle of incidence of Sun’s ray & distribution.

    • Heat Budget

    • Heating and Cooling of Atmosphere.

    • Conduction, Convection, Radiation.

    • Problems of Global Warming.

    • Green House Effects.

    • Pressure belts.

    • Winds : Planetary, Seasonal & Local and its effects.

    • Air masses and fronts.

    • Cyclones : Tropical & Temperate.

    • Condensation and Evaporation process.

      Unit-V : Hydrosphere (Water) oceans :-

    • Hydrological Cycle

    • Study of Submarine Relief.

    • Distribution of temperature and Salinity.

    • Movements of Ocean water waves, tides and currents.

      Unit-VI : Biosphere :-

    • Ecosystems.

    • Role of Man in Ecological Imbalance.

    • Human and Environmental effects.

      Economic Geography :-

      Unit-I : Resource 

      • Meaning and Scope

      • Concept

      • Classification and Conservation

        Unit-II : Man and Environment :-

      • Major Natural Regions of the world

      • Equatorial Region

      • Monsoon Region

      • Tropical Region

      • Temperate grassland

      • Human Life.

        Unit-III : Main Crops of the World :-

      • Grains – Rice, Wheat & Pulses

      • Cash Crops – Cotton & Sugarcane

      • Plantation Crops – tea

      • Milk production

      • Geographical conditions, distribution and world-trade of different crop’s production.

        Unit-IV : Major Industries of the World :-

      • Utility and distribution of Iron-ore, Cotton-textile, Factors of Industrialization and its effects on the economy.

        Unit-I : Fundamentals of Human Geography :-

    • Nature and Scope Unit-II : People :-

    • Population of the world, distribution, density and growth.

    • Population change, spatial pattern and structure, determinant of population changes, Age and Sex ratio, rural urban composition.

    • Human development, Concept, selected indicators, International comparison.

      Unit-III : Human Activities :-

    • Primary activities : Concept and changing trends, gathering, Pastoral mining, subsistence Agriculture.

    • Secondary activities : Concept, Manufacturing Agro Processing, House-hold, small scale, large scale.

    • Tertiary activities : Concept, Trade, Transport and communication and Trade.

    • Quaternary activities – Concepts knowledge based Industry, Information Technology- USA, Britain, India its contribution.

      Unit-IV : Transport, communication & Trade :-

    • Land Transport : Road, railways, Air, Water.

    • Satellite communication, cyber zone, International Technology – USA, Britain, India its contribution.

      Unit-V : Human Settlement :-

    • Types, Characteristics & problem. Rural & Urban, Morphology of cities, Problems related to Human Settlements in developing country.

      Unit-I : Introduction :-

    • Location, Neighborhood relations and place of India in the world.

      Unit-II : Physical aspects & drainage systems :-

    • Physiography

    • Relief

    • Drainage systems

    • Physical divisions

      Unit-III : Climate, Vegetation and soil :-

    • Weather & climate, Distribution of temperature, pressure, winds & rainfall. Indian monsoons, distribution. Wildlife conservation

    • Soil, Major types ( ICAR classification ) their distribution and conservation.

      Unit-IV : Resources and development –

    • Land Resources : Agriculture land-use, major crops and Agricultural development and problems.

    • Water resources : Achievement and usages, problems and conservation.

    • Mineral and Energy resources : Metals and non- metals, minerals and its distribution and conservation, conventional and non-conventional resources of Energy.

      Unit-V : Transport, communication & International Trade –

    • Road, Railway, Water-ways, Airways, Gas and Oil pipeline, National electricity grid.

      Unit-VI : Population –

    • Distribution, density & growth, composition of population, language and religion, rural-urban population.

      Unit-VII : Natural Hazards and managements –

    • Flood and Drought, Earthquake and volcano, landslides, cyclones, T-sunami.


6 Politics

  • Unit-I : Concept of politics :-

  • Nature, Definition & scope of Political Science.

  • Traditional & Modern view, characteristics & differences.

  • Relation of Political Science with other social sciences – History, Economics, Sociology, Psycology, Geography & Philosophy.

  • Significance of the study of Political Science.

  • Indian Government and Politics – Making of Indian constitution and its goal :-

  • Constitutional Development

  • Sources of constitution

  • Constituent Assembly

  • Preamble

    Unit-II : State :-

  • Definition

  • Essential elements of State

  • Nature, Justification & importance of State.

  • Salient feature of Indian Constitution

    Unit-III : Theories of the Origin of State :-

  • Divine Theory

  • Force Theory

  • Social contract theory

  • Evolutionary Theory

  • Working of federalism in India :-

  • Indian federation and its units

  • Process of changes of name, boundary and territory of state.

  • Controversial issues.

  • Aim and characteristics of federal state.

  • Unitary features

    Unit-IV : Sovereignty :-

  • Definition

  • Characteristics

  • Kinds

  • Characteristics of monistic & pluralistic

  • Impact of Globlization

  • Fundamental Rights and Duties :-

  • Meaning

  • Importance

  • Characteristics

  • Amendments in fundamental rights

    Unit-V : Key Concepts :-

  • Law : Meaning, source, type, relation between law & ethics

  • Liberty : Meaning, Type

  • Equality : Meaning, Type, relation between liberty & a equality.

  • Justice : Meaning, Features, Type, Social Justice

  • Rights : Meaning, Types, Characteristics, Difference theories, Laskis view of Right.

  • Duties : Meaning, Duty of an Ideal citizen, Relationship between Rights & duties.

  • Directive principals of State Policy :-

  • Nature and sources

  • Difference between fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy

  • Importance

    Unit-VI : Union Executives :-

  • President : Election, Powers, functions, real position, impeachment.

  • Vice-President : Election Power & function.

  • Council of Ministers : Composition (with special reference to coalition politics).

  • Prime Minister : Power, Function, Duties, Role.

    Unit-VII : Parliament :-

  • Lok Sabha : Composition, Power, function.

  • Rajya Sabha : Composition, Power, function.

    Unit-VIII : State Executive :

  • Governor : Power, Function and Position.

  • Council of Ministers : Power, function and role with special reference to coalition politics.

  • Chief Minister : Power, function, duties and role.

    Unit-IX : State legislature:-

  • Bihar legislative assembly : Composition, power and function.

  • Bihar legislative council : Composition, power and function.

    Unit-X : Indian Judiciary :-

  • Supreme Court of India : Organisation and function.

  • Patna High Court : Organisation and functions.

  • Lok Adalat, Fast Tract Courts, Family Courts, PIL.

    Unit-XI : Electoral Systems in India :-

  • Election Commission

  • Electoral Process : Maladies and reforms.

  • Importance of Voting

  • Party system and role opposition.

    Unit-XII : Working of local self government with special reference to Bihar :-

  • 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments.

  • Bihar Panchayati Raj (Amendment) Act-2006

  • Rural and Urban local govt.

    Unit-XII : National Integration and challenges : –

  • Communalism

  • Regionalism

  • Casteism

  • Naxalism

    Unit-XIV : Foreign Policy of India :-

  • Determinants

  • Basic principles with special reference to nuclear policy


7 Physics

  1. Physical World & Measurement –

    • Physics : Scope and excitement, nature of physical laws, Physics, technology and society.

    • Need of measurement: Unit of measurements, system of units, S.I. units, fundamental and derived units, length, mass and time measurements, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, errors in measurement, significant figures, regular and irregular errors.

    • Dimension of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

  2. Kinematics –

    • Frame of reference, Motion in straight line, position time graph, speed and velocity, Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity

    • Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity time and position time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

    • Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion.

    • Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number, addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity.

    • Unit Vector, resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components.

    • Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration – projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

  3. Laws of Motion –

    • Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion, momentum and Newton’s Second Law of motion, impulse, newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

    • Equilibrium of concurrent forces, static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

    • Dynamics of uniform circular motion : Centripetal force examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

  4. Work, Energy & Power –

    • Scalar product of Vector work done by a constant force and a variable force, kinetic energy, work energy theorem, power.

    • Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces, conservation of mechanical energy (Kinetic and potential energies), non- conservative forces, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimension.

  5. Motion of System of Particles & Rigid Body –

    • Centre of mass of two-particles system, momentum, conservation and centre of mass motion, centre of mass of a rigid body, centre of mass of circular ring, disc, rod and sphere.

    • Vector product of vectors, momentum of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.

    • Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and roatational motion, moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation), statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

  6. Gravitation –

    • Keplar’s laws of planetary motion, The universal law of gravitation, Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

    • Gravitational potential energy, gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of satellite, geostationary satellites.

  7. Properties of Bulk Matter –

    • Elastic behavior, stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’ moduls, Bulk modulus, Deformation, Shear modulus of rigidity.

    • Pressure due to fluid column, Pascal’s law and its applications / hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes.

    • Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

    • Viscocity, Stoke’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, Streamline and turbulent flow, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

    • Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension, ideas of drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

  8. Heat & Thermodynamics-

    • Heat, temperature, thermal expansion, specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, change of state, latent heat.

    • Heat transfer : conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling. Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (Zeroth law of thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy.

    • First law of thermodynamics.

    • Second law of thermodynamics, Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

  9. Behaviour of Perfect Gas & Kinetic Theory of Gases-

    • Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

    • Kinetic theory of gases : Assumptions, concept of pressure, Kinetic energy and temperature, rms speed of gas molecules, degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy ( statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases, concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

  10. Oscillations & Waves –

    • Periodic motion : period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation, phase, oscillation of a spring – restoring force and force constant energy in SHM – Kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period) free, forced and damped oscillations (Qualitative ideas only), resonance.

    • Wave motion, Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion, Displacement relation for a progressive waves, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in string and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.

  11. Electrostatics : electric charges and their conservationCoulomb’s law, force between two points charges, forces between multiple charges, superposition principal and continuous charge distribution.

    • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field fue to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

    • Electric flux, statement of Gauss; theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite planesheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and out side).

    • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, dipole and system of charges, equi-potential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

    • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectric and electric polarization capacitors and capacitance combination of capacitors in series and in parallel capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graff generator.

  12. Current Electricity : Electric current flow of lectric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current, Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristic (linear and non linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors, series & parallel combinations of resistors, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel.

    • Kirchoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge.

    • Potentiometer – principal and applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells, measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

  13. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism : Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment Biot-Sevart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.

    • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids, force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic field, cyclotron.

    • Force on a current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current carrying conductor- definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field, moving coil galvanometers, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter voltage current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnate) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines, Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, para, dia & Ferro- magnetic substances, with examples, electromagnets and factors affecting their strength, permanent magnets.

  14. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents : Electromagnetic induction, Fraday’s law, induced emf and current, Lenz’s law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance.

    • Need for displacement current.

    • Alternating currents, peak and rms value of Ac/voltage, reactance and impedance, LC, oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance, power in AC circuits, wattless currents.

    • AC generator and transformer.

  15. Electromagnetic Waves : Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only), Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

    • Electromagnetic spectrum / radio waves, micro waves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma rays including elementary facts about their uses.

  16. Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its application, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism, scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

    • Optical instrument- Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (Myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism) using lenses, microscopes and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

    • Wave Optics : Wavefronts and Hyugen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefornts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle, Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe with, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving powers of microscopes and astronomical telescope, polarization, plane polarized light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids.

  17. Dual nature of Matter and Radiation : Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations. Einstein’s photoelectric equation, particle nature of light.

    • Matter waves – Wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Devission – Germer experiment.

  18. Atoms & Nuclei : Alpha – Particle scattering experiments, Rutherford model of atom, Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum

    • Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars, isotones, radioactivity – alpha, beta and gamma particle / rays and their properties, radioactive decay law. Mass energy relation, mass defect, binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

  19. Electronic Devices: Semiconductors, semiconductor diode – I.V. characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor, transistor as an amplifier ( common emitter configuration) and oscillator, logic gates ( OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), Transistor as a switch, Boolean algebra (Elementary ideas only).

  20. Communication Systems : Elements of communication system (block diagram only), bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data), bandwidth of transmission medium propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave progagation, need for modulation, production and detection of an amplitude – modulated wave.

    • Satellite communication system and its uses : Elementary ideas of electronic gadget used in our daily life like – mobile, fax, modem, computer and internet, remote sensing etc.

 8 (Economics)

  1. A. Introduction

    • What is Economics ?

    • Basic understanding of economics and economic phenomenon especially in context of the concept of scarcity and allocation of resources.

    • Definitions of Economics: Adam Smith, Alfred Marshall, Lionel Robbins, Samuelson.

    • Meaning, Scope and importance of statistics in Economics.

      1. Collection, Organisation and Presentation of Data

        • Collection of Data- Sources of Data- Primary and secondary; how basic data is collected; methods of collecting data; three important sources of secondary data. Census of India, National Sample Survey Organisation and Directorate of Statistics & Evaluation, Bihar, Patna.

        • Organisation of Data: Meaning and types of variables; Frequency Distribution.

        • Presentation of Data : Tabular Presentation and Diagrammatic Presentation of Data :

          1. Geometric forms (bar diagams and pie diagrams),

          2. Frequency diagrams (histogram, polygon and ogive) and

          3. Arithmetic line graphs (time series graph).

      2. Statistical Tools and Interpretation.

        • Measures of Central Tendency- mean (simple and weighted), median and mode.

        • Measures of Disperson- Absolute dispersion (range, quartile deviation, mean deviation and standard deviation), relative dispersion (co-efficient of quartile-deviation, co-efficient of mean deviation, co-efficient of variation). Lorenz Curve: meaning and its application.

        • Introduction of Index Numbers- meaning; what does an Index number show, measure or indicate; How you can construct index number; types- wholesale price index, consumer price index and index of industrial production, uses of index numbers; Inflation and index numbers.

  2. Economic Development of Bihar & India

    1. Development Policies and Experience (1947-90)

      • A brief introduction of the state of economy of Bihar and Indian on the eve of independence.

      • Common goals of Five Year Plans.

      • Main features, problems and policies of :

        1. Agriculture (institutional aspects and new agricultural strategy etc.)

        2. Industry (agro-based, industrial licensing, etc.) and

        3. Foreign trade.

    2. Economic Reforms since- 1991

      • Need & main features: Liberlisation, globalization and Privatisation.

      • An appraisal of SEZ & LPG Policies.

      • Impact of Bihar.

    3. Current Challenges Facing Economy of Bihar and India.

      • Poverty: Absolute and relative; Meaning of poverty line; vicious circle of poverty; causes of poverty; Government and non-government measures on poverty alleviations; Main programmes for poverty alleviation : A critical assessment.

      • Rural development: Key issues- credit and marketing- role of co- operatives and self help groups; agricultural diversification; alternative farming- organic farming.

      • Population growth over the years; Census of 2001; age, sex composition; density of population and occupational distribution; the current National Policy on Population.

      • Human Capital Formation: How people become resource; Role of human capital in economic development; Growth of Education Sector in India.

      • Employment: Growth informalisation and other issues; Problems and policies.

      • Infrastructure: Meaning & tupes; Case studies: Energy and Health- Problems and Policies- A Critical assessment;

      • The role of Public Distribution System in providing food security in Bihar; A critical examination of the PDS.

      • Capital formation in Bihar; Capital requirements for economic growth.

      • Environment: Sustainable economic development; limited availability of resources; environmental degradation.

    4. Development Experience of Bihar: A comparison with other states

      • Bihar and Punjab

      • Bihar and Maharashtra

        Issues: Growth, sectoral development and other developmental indicators.

    5. Development Experience of India: A comparison with neighbours

      • India and Pakistan

      • India and China

    Issues: Growth, sectoral development and other developmental indicators.

  3. Introductory microeconomics

    1. Introduction

      • What is microeconomics ?

      • Central problems of an economy, production possibility curve and opportunity cost.

    2. Consumer Behaviour and Demand

      • Consumer’s Equilibrium- Meaning and attainment of equilibrium through Utility Apporoach: One and two commodity cases;

      • Demand, market demand, determinants of demand, demand schedule, demand curve, movement along and shifts in demand curve.

      • Price elasticity of demand, measurement of price elasticity of demand- percentage, total expenditure and geometric method.

    3. Producer Behaviour & Supply

      • Production function : Returns to Factor and Returns to Scale.

      • Supply : Market supply, determinants of supply, supply schedule, supply curve movement along and shifts in supply curve,

      • Price elasticity of supply, measurement of price elasticity of supply- Percentage and geometric method.

      • Cost and Revenue: Short run costs- Total cost, Total variable cost, Total Fixed cost; Average Fixed cost, Average variable cost and Marginal cost- meaning and their relationship. Revenue-total, average and marginal revenue; Opportunity cost : definition, application.

      • Producers’ equilibrium- Meaning and its conditions in terms of total cost and total revenue.

    4. Forms of Market and Price Determination

      • Forms of Market- Perfect competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic competition- their meaning and features.

      • Price determination under perfect competition- Equilibrium price, effects of shifts in demand and supply.

    5. Simple applications of Tools of demand and supply Curves

      • The teachers can be given the flexibility to choose the issues : rationing, floor and ceilings and Food availability decline (FAD) Theory. The teachers are encouraged to choose alternative examples that are simple and easy to understand.

    Note to text book writers : More examples from day-to-day context could be given. More numerical examples (solved) will have to be given. Use of pictures, charts and simple tables is essential.

  4. Introductory macro-economics

  1. National Income and related aggregates

    • Macroeconomics : Meaning

    • Circular flow of income, concepts of GDP, GNP, NDP, NNP (at market price and factor cost), National Disposable Income (gross and net); Irivate Income, Personal Income and Personal Disposable Income.

    • Measurement of National Income : Value added method, Income method and Expenditure method.

  2. Determination of Income and Employment

    • Aggregate demand, Aggregate supply and their components.

    • Prospensity to consume and prospensity to save (average and marginal)

    • Meaning of Involuntary unemployment and full employment.

    • Determination of income and employment : Two sector model.

    • Concept of investment multiplier and its working.

    • Problems of excess and deficient demand : Measures to correct excess and deficient demand- availability of credit, change in Government spending.

  3. Money and Banking

    • Money – meaning, evolution and functions.

    • Inflation: cost-push; demand-pull; causes, effects of inflation on different groups of society; measures to control inflation.

    • Central Bank – meaning and functions.

    • Commercial banks – meaning and functions.

    • Recent significant reforms and issues in Indian Banking System : Privatisation and modernization.

  4. Government Budget and the Economy.

    • Government budget- meaning and its components.

    • Objectives of government budget.

    • Classification of receipt- revenue and capital;

    • Taxes – types

    • Classification of expenditure- revenue and capital, plan and non plan & developmental and non-developmental.

    • Balanced budget, surplus budget and deficit budget: meaning and implication.

    • Revenue deficit, fiscal deficit and primary deficit: meaning and implications; measures to contain different deficits.

    • Latest budget of Bihar and India.

  5. International Trade:

    • Why International Trage takes place

    • Balance of payments accounts- meaning and components

    • Foreign exchange rate- meaning (Fixed and Flexible), merits and demerits, Determination through demand and supply.

    • A brief analysis about recent exchange rate issues.

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